Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996

The The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) was passed in the US, and helps to protect an individual's medical information. It allows everyone to request to see or receive copies of their medical records, even though the information may not be fully available. Additionally, HIPAA lets people request revisions to their records if an error is made. Importantly, HIPAA also gives individuals the right to learn how their information is both used and shared.

HIPAA sets regulations about cases in which your medical information can be shared and what related authorizations are required. There are many other provisions under HIPAA that regulate disclosures, contact information, and more. As HIPAA is meant to help protect the rights of individuals, there is also a complaint system in place to investigate potential violations.

HIPAA is divided into five titles:

Title I: HIPAA Health Insurance Reform
Title II: HIPAA Administrative Simplification Title III: HIPAA Tax Related Health Provisions
Title IV: Application and Enforcement of Group Health Plan Requirements
Title V: Revenue Offsets